Companion planting is the art of planting specific crops in the same vicinity as others to encourage pollination, provide nutrients and to eliminate harmful pests. It can also save space in your garden and aid the overall growth of your plants.
We love tips to help your vegetable garden to grow and thrive, and knowing whether one plant is friend or foe to another can greatly increase your vegetable production!
Here are traditional friendly and unfriendly neighbours when companion planting. Source: Afristar Foundation.
PLANT NEAR: maize (corn), sunflowers, lavender, cabbage, cucumber, strawberries, brinjal (eggplant)
KEEP AWAY FROM: onion, garlic, fennel
PLANT NEAR: beans, onions, garlic, lettuce, cabbage
PLANT NEAR: calendula, marigolds, mint, peas
Broccoli | Cabbage | Cauliflower | Kale
PLANT NEAR: aromatic plants, dill, sage, rosemary, potatoes, beetroot, celery, garlic, onions, geranium
KEEP AWAY FROM: tomatoes, pole & runner beans, peppers
PLANT NEAR: lettuce, chives, leeks, rosemary, sage, peas, wormwood
KEEP AWAY FROM: strawberries, fennel, cabbage
PLANT NEAR: carrots, radish, strawberries, cucumber, beans
KEEP AWAY FROM: celery, parsley
PLANT NEAR: sunflowers, amaranth, beans, peas & other legumes, pumpkin, squash, cucumber, melons & other cucurbits
KEEP AWAY FROM: cabbage, tomato, celery
Onion | Garlic
PLANT NEAR: carrots, beetroot, strawberries, tomatoes, lettuce, cabbage
KEEP AWAY FROM: peas, beans, parsley, leeks
PLANT NEAR: lavender, carrot, turnip, radish, cucumber, maize, beans (most veggies & herbs)
KEEP AWAY FROM: onion, garlic
PLANT NEAR: tomatoes, geranium, basil, carrot, onion
KEEP AWAY FROM: beans, kale, cabbage family
PLANT NEAR: coriander, marigold, beans, maize, cabbage family, brinjal
KEEP AWAY FROM: pumpkin, cucumber, squash, melons, sunflower, tomatoes
PLANT NEAR: strawberries, broad beans, peas
PLANT NEAR: basil, oregano, parsley, chives, nasturium, onions, carrots, celery, calendula, geranium, borage
KEEP AWAY FROM: potatoes, fennel, cabbage family
PLANT NEAR: tomatoes
KEEP AWAY FROM: general pest deterrent – plant throughout garden!
PLANT NEAR: fast growing nutrient accumulator. Plant along edges & use leaves for mulch!
KEEP AWAY FROM: compost activator. Use leaves to make comfrey tea fertilizer!
PLANT NEAR: cabbage, maize
KEEP AWAY FROM: repels cabbage moth. Plant on boarders to keep flying pests away!
PLANT NEAR: plant freely throughout the garden – repels soil nematodes, aphids, bean beetles & many more.
KEEP AWAY FROM: use marigold leaves to make an organic general insecticide spray!
PLANT NEAR: tomatoes – improves flavour!
KEEP AWAY FROM: repels white flies & spider mites
PLANT NEAR: cabbage
KEEP AWAY FROM: deters cabbage worm
PLANT NEAR: carrots, cabbage, sage, beans
KEEP AWAY FROM: deters cabbage moth, bean beetles & carrot fly!
Wormwood | Artemesia
PLANT NEAR: plant around garden edges
KEEP AWAY FROM: keeps animals out! Also repels white fly!
PLANT NEAR: Plant freely throughout the garden. Repels soil nematodes, aphids, bean beetles & many more!
KEEP AWAY FROM: Plant near aromatic herbs to enhance essential oil production!