There are many things to consider when planning your garden. It’s important that you consider all aspects of the garden, including the soil conditions and lighting requirements, as well as the location of your vegetables or pathways.
Start by making a list of the crops you want to grow. Then, you can determine how much space each type will need to mature as well as where it should be placed.
Choose a layout
A good garden layout will make your garden design stand out. It determines everything from the number and size of beds and borders to the shape and location of paths, flowerbeds and lawn areas. It also allows for the allocation of space for different functions.
Once you have taken measurements and compiled a list of functions that you want in your garden you can begin to plan your layout. You can either use paper and pencil to draw a plan or create a digital one. Either way, it’s important to get the layout down on paper before you begin planting.
When deciding on a layout, the first thing you should do is decide what type of style you’d like your garden to be. Modern and formal gardens are more straight-lined, while cottage gardens are more relaxed and have gentle curves. Also, consider how much time and effort you’re willing or able to dedicate to maintenance.
Next, think about the plants that will grow in your garden. Also consider their functions. A vegetable garden requires lots of sun and soil in order to thrive so it’s important to place it where it gets plenty of light. A flower garden needs to be shaded or protected by trees and shrubs.
You can draw your garden on graph paper to help you visualize it when it’s done. You can also take measurements and draw a map of your area.
After you’ve drawn out your layout, you can begin assigning row space for each plant group. To indicate how many plants of each type you would like to place in each line, use an X. It is a good idea that you leave a few inches between rows so that you can create aisles between plants as needed.
Mark the row spaces using a pencil, an arrow or a pen with a marker. You can also use a few dots to indicate where you want to place a walkway or other features.
Create a layout map
A layout map can be a great way of making sure that your garden works together. This can be done in many ways, including hand drawing or using computer-aided design tools.
Start by making a list with the things that you want in your garden. These items can include a vegetable or perennial garden, a shed, or any other garden structure. You can place each item on the basemap where you think it would be most useful, then erase and redraw again until you have a final map that you can use to plan your garden layout.
Once you have your basemap, measure every area of your garden with a ruler. This will give you an idea how long each border and bed will be. It will also help you determine how many beds and border you need for the type of garden you want.
The number of beds and borders in your garden will depend on the type of garden you are creating and how much maintenance you want to put into it. It is also a good idea consider the amount of sun that each area will get.
A good ratio is to have one-third of your garden be softscape (like beds or borders) and the other third as hardscape. This will allow you to have space for other functional elements like pergolas, greenhouses or other garden buildings while still maintaining a good proportion of your landscape as softscape.
If you have a computer, there are a few spreadsheet programs that can make planning your garden easy. These programs offer a variety of options including grid structure, cell length, width, and color fill to help you create a scaled-down plan for your garden.
Once you have created a layout plan, you should write down the names of the plants you are planning to grow in each bed and border. This will make it easier for you to locate the plants that you want when it comes to planting your garden.
Plan your planting.
Planning your garden layout is one of the most exciting and fun parts of gardening. Planning your garden layout will maximize your space and make it easier to plant.
Whether you’re creating a new garden or planning to revamp an old one, the process of creating your planting plan is a good one to start early. Not only will it save you time, but it’ll also prevent you from making mistakes that might cost you time and money later in the year.
The most common method of planning a garden layout is using graph paper, but there are also several computer programs that you can use to create your garden layout. For example, 3D Garden Composer is a great tool that will help you plan your layout and design your garden.
Another method is to use spreadsheets, like Microsoft Excel or Google Sheets. These programs are completely free and can be used in order to design the exact layout of your garden.
Once you’ve completed your plan, you can now assign row spaces to your different plants. Make sure to leave enough space between rows, and between different types of plant.
Consider companion planting if you are planning to plant multiple types of plants in your garden. These plants can be grown together. This will increase yields, suppress the weeds, and ensure that you don’t have too many plants.
You can also choose to divide your garden into different squares or ‘S’ shaped zones. This will make your garden more interesting and divert the eye.
After you’ve drawn up your layout, write down the measurements of each area. This will help you keep track and make it easy for you to measure when you’re ready to plant.
You’ll need to measure your garden space and take note of how much sun and shade each area receives throughout the year. This will help you plan how to arrange your plants and move around the garden when the weather changes.
Once you’ve finished your plan, write down any additional ideas you have about the layout of your garden, such as dividing your garden into areas for vines or taller flowers. These can be decorative touches that will keep your garden interesting from season-to-season.
Create a maintenance plan
It is important to create a maintenance plan for your garden. A well-designed plan can help you avoid common maintenance mistakes that could place your facility in a state of ‘firefighting’ mode and result in unwarranted expenditures.
You must first determine the conditions and constraints of your site. This will help you choose the layout that suits your space. It will help you budget for your garden maintenance and create a contingency fund that can be anywhere from 5 to 15 percent of total project cost.
Next, decide on the number and size of beds and borders that will be needed in your garden. These will depend on the style of garden you are planning, as well as how much time you have to maintain it.
For example, square beds and rectangular borders are most popular for formal gardens. If you’re working in a more casual area, soft teardrop forms and circular beds will be preferred.
You can also create a layout map with a rough sketch of the design, which you will need to refer to during maintenance work. You can either use a pen or paper to do this, or a digital program.
Once you have created your layout, it is a good idea to draw a key for the different symbols and features that you will need to reference during maintenance work. This will make it easier to guide workers and ensure they don’t work in areas they shouldn’t.
Another option is to use a digital list, which makes it much easier for people to complete the plan and keep track. It can be especially helpful if you’re working with contractors or other external specialists who may need to submit work orders.
Additionally, it is a good idea to create a list for spare parts that are required for maintenance. This will enable you to manage inventory more efficiently, and to get an idea of how many pieces of equipment you’ll need for each job.